Benzie Area Genealogy Society

"Genealogists do not gather facts, but breathe life
into all  that have gone before them"
                 Family Tree Magazine

Native American Resources


U.S., Native American Applications for Enrollment in Five Civilized Tribes (overturned), 1896
in 1896 a Congressional law was passed that gave the Dawes Commission authority to oversee applications for tribal citizenship into the Five Civilized Tribes – Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. This database contains the applications for enrollment into these tribes from the Muskogee, Oklahoma area office. There are no records from the Seminole tribe because they made a separate arrangement with the Dawes Commission and bypassed the application process.
Individuals applying for tribal citizenship included:  Indians by blood; Spouses of Indians; Freedmen who were former members of the Five Civilized Tribes

Application files can include documents such as affidavits, depositions, letters, memorials, objections, lists of evidence, receipts for service of papers, notices of appeal, and references to case numbers. Some files contain further documents and background information that may provide more detail on the applicant’s life.
Each application received an application number. The applications are organized numerically. Applications from Chickasaw and Choctaw freedmen were filed separately from the applications for the rest of these two tribes.

How to Search This Database:
The first microfilm roll of this collection contains an index to all of the application files. The names in this index have been transcribed and can be searched on using the search template above. The index images may also be browsed by clicking on “Roll 01 – Master Index” in the browse table below.
There are several steps involved in locating an individual in this collection. The easiest way is to first locate an individual in the index. Note the applicant’s name, tribe name, and application number. Once you have this information, use it to locate the appropriate application images through the browse table by selecting a tribe followed by an application number range. You will then need to page through the images by using the “Next” button in the image viewer, until you get to the application number in which you’re looking for.
On the very last roll of microfilm (Roll 54, there are some miscellaneous files and applications that were received past the application deadline. These records are not included in the Master Index, so if you do not find a particular individual in the Master Index, be sure to search through these miscellaneous records.
Some of the above information was taken from the Descriptive Pamphlet of National Archives Microfilm Publication M1650, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Please consult this pamphlet for a more detailed description and history of these records.

      Included data collections:
     California, Index to Census Roll of Indians, 1928-1933
     Census of the Blackfeet, Montana, 1897-1898
     Indians of the Pike's Peak Region
     Minnesota, Indian Allotment Records, 1888-1919 FREE INDEX
     North Carolina, Native American Census Selected Tribes, 1894-1913 FREE INDEX
     Oklahoma Osage Tribe Roll, 1921
     Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Dawes Census Cards for Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914
     Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Indian Censuses and Rolls, 1851-1959
     Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Indian Photos, 1850-1930
     Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Indian and Pioneer Historical Collection, 1937
     Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Land Allotment Jackets for Five Civilized Tribes, 1884-1934
     Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Marriage, Citizenship and Census Records, 1841-1927
     Oklahoma, Creek Equalization Records, 1912-1921
     Oklahoma, Historical Indian Archives Index, 1856-1933
     Oklahoma, Indian Land Allotment Sales, 1908-1927
     U.S., Census Records and Cherokee Muster Rolls, 1835-1838
     U.S., Cherokee Baker Roll and Records, 1924-1929 FREE INDEX
     U.S., Citizenship Case Files in Indian Territory, 1896-1897 FREE INDEX
     U.S., Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940
     U.S., Indian Wills, 1910-1921
     U.S., Native American Applications for Enrollment in Five Civilized Tribes (overturned), 1896
     U.S., Native American Applications for Enrollment in Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914
     U.S., Native American Citizens and Freedmen of Five Civilized Tribes, 1895-1914
     U.S., Ratified Indian Treaties and Chiefs, 1722-1869
     U.S., Records Related to Enrollment of Eastern Cherokee by Guion Miller, 1908-1910
     U.S., Schedules of Special Census of Indians, 1880 FREE INDEX
     U.S., Wallace Roll of Cherokee Freedmen, 1890-1893
     Walker River Valley, Nevada Paiute Indian Records, 1897-1901
     Walker River Valley, Nevada Paiute Indian Records, 1902-06
     Walker River Valley, Nevada Paiute Indian Records, 1907-12
     Walker River Valley, Nevada Paiute Indian Records, 1914-20
     Washington, Enrollment and Allotment Applications of Washington Indians, 1911-1919 FREE INDEX

Places to go to learn about Michigan's Native American tribes:

     Ziibiwing Center of Anishinabek Culture & Lifeways, Mt. Pleasant, Isabella County. 989-775-4750. 
      Ziibiwing Cultural Center Online Tour: A visit to the Ziibiwing Cultural Center prior to the Center being open courtesy             of YouTube (2008). 

     2014 Exhibit:  : The Mt. Pleasant Indian Industrial Boarding School belongs to a period of time known as the Era of         
     Stolen Children or the American Indian Holocaust. This Federal school “educated” and systematically assimilated an     
        average enrollment of three hundred students per year from 1893-1934. Administrative records indicated that only
        five children perished while attending the school during its 41-years of operation. To date, Ziibiwing researchers have
       identified over two hundred undocumented deaths directly attributed to this institution.  For more information visit  .
       the Ziibiwng Blog or the Zibiiwing Center of Anishinabek Cutlure and Lifewasy Facebook Page.

      Ft. de Buade Indian Museum, St. Ignace, Mackinac County. 906-643-6627.  For over three centuries, the Straits of
        Mackinac has been the center for commercial and military activity. Fort de Buade was built in 1683 by Olivier Morel
        de La Durantaye for the purpose of demonstrating to the Native Americans the power of France and to check the
        westward expansion of the British into the rich fur regions of the Great Lakes.  The fort was named for Louis de
        Buade, Comte de Frontenac, the governor of New France from 1672 to 1682, and then again from 1689 until his
        death in 1698. For de Buade was the most important French outpost in northern Michigan west of Montreal.  For
        more information, see Stepahnie Fortino, "Captured Spirits Exhibit Makes Mackinac Island Debut", Town Crier, May
        28, 2016.

     M-119/Tunnel of Trees (old Native American path, including the Council Tree, where tribal chiefs met in 1763),
         between Harbor Springs and Cross Village, Emmet County.

     Bay de Noc-Grand Island Trail (ancient Chippewa portage route), Hiawatha National Forest, Escanaba, Delta County.

     Ojibwe Indian exhibit, Harbour House Museum, Crystal Falls, Iron County. 906-875-4341.

     Native American Materials, Central Michigan University's Clarke Historical Library, Mt. Pleasant, Isabella County.

     Andrew J. Blackbird Museum, 368 E. Main, Harbor Springs, Emmet County. 231-526-0612.

     Totem Village, St. Ignace, Mackinac County. 906-643-8888.

     Harbor Springs History Museum (includes exhibits on Odawas and Native American treaty-signers), Harbor Springs,
        Emmet County. 231-526-9771.

     Ninga Aki Pathway (interpretative trail about Ojibwa life), Portage Bay State Forest Campground, Delta County.

     "Anishinabek: The People of This Place" exhibit, Public Museum, Grand Rapids. 616-456-3977.

     Besser Museum of Northeast Michigan, Alpena, Michigan.  Check out the Naub-cow-zo-win Disc Collection. Gerald
        Haltiner recovered this group of artifacts in the 1950s and 1960s from a number of locations in and around Alpena.
       The round flat discs, ranging in diameter from ½ to 2 ½ inches, are unique and significant expressions of early Native
        American Culture in this region. About a third of the discs are inscribed with abstract symbols of powerful spiritual

     Wyandot Totem Pole, Wyandotte.

     Nokomis Learning Center.  A non-profit Native American cultural learning center located in Okemos, Ingham County
        (517-349-5777), dedicated to the preservation and presentation of Anishinaabeg (Ojibwa, Odawa, and Potawatomi)
        arts, culture, and history.  Also check the Nokomis Learning Centerfacebook page.  Peter Whorf, "Nokomis Learning
        Center Gets to Heart of Michigan History", WKAR, May 17, 2016.

     Pentoga Park (includes Ojibwa wooden burial structures), Crystal Falls, Iron County. 906-265-3979.

     Museum of Ojibwa Culture, St. Ignace, Mackinac County. 906-643-9161.

     Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Eyaawing Museum and Cultural Center, Peshawbestown, MI

     "The First People to 1900" exhibit, Michigan Historical Museum, Lansing. 517-373-3559.

      Native Americans in Michigan -This is part of the Michigan Family History Network

     Michigan Indian Tribes and Languages - Native language

     History of Michigan Indians *** - Native Indian Tribes Index                                                                                                           

        Michigan's American Indian Heritage - Native American Studies 
        Indians in the Great Lakes Region- MSU Dept of Geography         

       Federally Recognized Tribes in Michigan   
       Indians of Michigan

       SOM - Tribal Governments - State of Michigan    

       Michigan Indian Tribes

       Native American Netroots

     Native Americans in Michigan         

     Native Americans in Michigan – YouTube

     Traveling Through Time to the Land of Michigan « Seeking Michigan